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Academic Words – Analyse

Analyse

  1. Analyse (v) = analyze (vt) / Analysed = analyzed (v-ed) / Analysing = analyzing (v-ing)
  2. Analyser (n) / Analysers (n-plural)
  3. Analysis (n) / Analyses = analyzes (n-plural)
  4. Analyst (n) / Analysts (n-plural)
  5. Analytic = analytical (adj)
  6. Analytically (adv)

—–

1. Analyse (v) = analyze (vt)

+ Meaning:

(1) To examine the nature or structure of sth., especially by separating it into its parts, in order to understand or explain it. (Phân tích)
* Analyse sth. His job involves gathering and analysing data.
* Analyse what, how,… – We need to analyse what went wrong.
(2) Analyse sb = psychoanalyse sb = to treat sb. who is mentally ill by asking them to talk about past experiences and feelings in order to try to find explanation for their present problems. (Chữa bệnh bằng phân tâm học)

+ Thesaurus

(1) Examine: To think about, study or describe an idea, subject or piece of work very carefully in order to understand it or to help other people understand it.
      – These ideas will be examined in more detail in Chapter 10.
(2) Review: to examine sth again, especially so that you can decide if it is necessary to make changes.
– The government will review the situation later in the year.
(3) Study: to examine sb/sth in order to understand them or it yourself.
– We will study the report carefully before making a decision.
(4) Discuss: to write or talk about sth in detail, showing the different ideas and opinions about it.
– This topic will be discussed at greater length in the next chapter.

+ Word Combinations

(1) Adverbs:
* Carefully, critically, fully, in depth/detail, painstakingly, scientifically, systematically
– The results must be analysed in detail.
(2) Verbs used as Object:
* Attempt to, try to
      – We try to analyse this topic.
* Be difficult to, be impossible to
      – The precise reasons for the disaster are difficult to analyse.
* Be possible to
      – This topic is possible to analyse.

2. Analyser (n)

+ Meaning:

A person, machine, or device that analyzes. (Người (thực hiện) phân tích)
      – “The analyser stated definitely that there was no way, if the premise were true,” Malley answered gloomily.

3. Analysis (n)

+ Meaning

(1) [Uncountable, countable ] the detailed study or examination of sth in order to understand more about it. (Sự phân tích)
      – The book is an analysis of poverty and its causes.
      – The blood sample are sent to the laboratory for analysis.
(2) [Uncountable] = Psychoanalysis = The method of treating sb who is mentally ill by asking them to talk about past experiences and feelings in order to try to find explanation for their present problems. (Sự phân tích tâm lý)
      – In analysis the individual resolves difficult emotional conflicts.

+ Thesaurus

(1) Research [U] (also researches [pl.]): the process of studying a subject in detail, especially in order to discover new information about it.
      – He’s done a lot of research into renewable energy sources.
(2) Exploration [U , C]: the act of travelling through a place in order to find out about it or look for sth; the act of looking at sth or considering it in detail in order to find out more about it.
      – The film is a chronicle of man’s exploration of space.
      – Extensive oil exploration was carried out using the latest drilling technology.
(3) Scrutiny [U]: the act of considering sth in great detail, especially in order to see or decide if it is good enough.
      – The documents should be available for public scrutiny.
(4) Examination [U, C]: the act of considering sth in detail, in order to understand more about it or to make a decision or judgement about it.
      – The chapter concludes with a brief examination of what causes family break-up.
(5) Study [U, C]: the process of considering sth in detail, in order to understand or find out more about it.
      – A detailed study of the area was carried out.
(6) Discussion [C, U]: a speech or piece of writing that discusses many different aspects of a subject.
      – Her article is a discussion of the methods used in research.
(7)  Enquiry (also inquiry) [U]: the act of asking questions or collecting information about sb/sth.
      – Some regimes have tried to stifle scientific enquiry. We are following several lines of enquiry.

+ Word Combinations

(1) Adjectives:
* Careful, close, comprehensive, detailed, in-depth, systematic, thorough
      – Comprehensive analysis, in the financial world, refers to the complete analysis of every relevant aspect of a company’s financial operations.
* Brief
      – We introduced a brief analysis and case strategy fee.
* Objective, subjective
      – We need someone outside the company to give us an objective analysis.
* Comparative, critical, qualitative, quantitative, statistical, theoretical – We performed a comparative analysis of genes from different species.
      – We performed a comparative analysis of genes from different species.
* Cost-benefit, discourse, economic, financial, historical, linguistic, strategic, structural, stylistic, content
      – Researchers identified themes from the content analysis of interviews.
* Chemical , genetic , sequence
      – a DNA sequence analysis
(2) Verbs used as Object
* Carry out, do, make, perform
      – They carried out an in-depth analysis of the results.
* Give (sb)
      – He gave a brief analysis of the present economic situation.
(3) Verbs used as Subject
* Indicate something, show something
      – Analysis of the wine showed that it contained dangerous additives.
(4) Prepositions
* In an/the analysis
      – In his analysis of the novel he discusses various aspects of the author’s own life.

 4. Analyst (n)

+ Meaning

(1) [Countable noun]: a person whose job involves examining facts or materials in order to give an opinion on them. (Nhà phân tích học)
      – City analysts forecast huge profits this year.
(2) Psychoanalyst = a person who treats patients by using psychoanalysis. (Nhà tâm lý học/ nhà phân tâm học)

+ Thesaurus

(1) Critic [C]: a person whose job is to express their opinions about the good and bad qualities of things such as books, films, music, changes in society, etc.
      – He’s a restaurant critic for ‘The Times’.
(2) Commentator [C]: a person whose job is to watch and consider events and situations in a particular area, such as politics or society and talk or write about them on television or radio, or in a newspaper.
      – He is best known as a commentator on culture and the arts.
(3) Observer [C]: a person who watches and studies particular events and situations as they happen or be paid to give advice, but are not usually employed on a regular basis.
      – Observers noted an absence of the violence which had been a feature of previous elections.

+ Word Combinations

(1) Adjectives:
* Leading
      – a leading business analyst
* Business, computer, data, financial, industry, investment, market, military, policy, political, retail, systems
      – A systems analyst uses computers and related systems to design new IT solutions with the aim of improving business efficiency and productivity.
(2) Prepositions:
* Analyst of
      – He was a shrewd analyst of players’ strengths and weaknesses.

5. Analytic (adj)

(1) Using a logical method of thinking about sth in order to understand it, especially by looking at all the parts separately.
      – She has a clear analytical mind.
(2) Using scientific analysis in order to find out about sth.
      – Analytical methods for social research presents texts on empirical and formal methods for the social sciences.

+ Word Combinations

(1) Analytic + nouns: method , philosopher , philosophy
      – Analytic philosophy is now generally seen as the dominant philosophical tradition in the English-speaking world, and has been so from at least the middle of the twentieth century.
(2) Analytical + nouns: approach , brain , capability , chemist , chemistry , framework , method , mind , precision , rigour , skill , technique , thinking , thought , tool
      – Analytical skill is the ability to visualize, articulate, conceptualize or solve both complex and uncomplicated problems by making decisions that are sensible given the available information.

6. Analytically (adv)

      – Tests that measure children’s ability to think analytically are being introduced in a number of schools.

+ Word Combinations

(1) Analytically + adjectives: Distinct
      – Political power should be regarded as analytically distinct from economic power.

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